"Your work is pathbreaking.”
Jeffrey Sachs, Director of Columbia University’s Earth Institute

CAI Publications


Heede, Richard (2019) Commentary, The Guardian, 8 October, https://theguardian.co.uk/


Climate Accountability Institute Press Release on Carbon Majors Update, 1965-2017, 9 October, 2019.


Heede, Richard (2019) Carbon Majors: Updating activity data, adding entities, & calculating emissions: A Training Manual, Climate Accountability Institute, Snowmass, Colorado, September, 56 pp. Download 4MB version here. Download 33MB version here.


Licker, Rachel, Brenda Ekwurzel, Scott C. Doney, Sarah R. Cooley, Ivan D. Lima, Richard Heede, & Peter C. Frumhoff (in review) Attributing ocean acidification to major carbon producers, Environmental Research Letters; forthcoming.


Heede, Richard (2019) Carbon Majors: Accounting for carbon and methane emissions 1854-2010 Methods & Results Report, ISBN 978-3-659-57841-0, OmniScriptum, Riga, 148 pp.


Heede, Richard (2018) Die "Carbon Majors" Zum Anteil der Produzenten von fossilen Brennstoffen und Zement an den anthropogenen Emissionen von Kohlendioxid und Methan 1854-2010, Zeitschrift Marxistische Erneuerung, vol. 114:17-31, June.


Richard Heede, "Carbon producers' tar pit: dinosaurs beware: The path to accountability of fossil fuel producers for climate change & climate damages," Institute for New Economic Thinking Plenary Conference, Edinburgh, 23 October 2017.


Selected publications and media mentions of CAI’s work


Ekwurzel, B., J. Boneham, M.W. Dalton, R. Heede, R.J. Mera, M.R. Allen, & P.C. Frumhoff (2017) The rise in global atmospheric CO2, surface temperature and sea level from emissions traced to major carbon producers, Climatic Changeonline.


Griffin, Paul (2017) The Carbon Majors Database: CDP Carbon Majors Report 2017, 14 pp.


Griffin, Paul, Richard Heede, & Ian van der Vlugt (2017) The Carbon Majors Database: Methodology Report 2017, 9 pp.


Griffin, Paul, Richard Heede, & Ian van der Vlugt (2017) The Carbon Majors Database: 2017 Dataset Release, 6 worksheets.


Faria, Pedro, Paul Griffin, & Richard Heede (2016) Aligning an oil and gas company's reserves and future emissions with a 2ºC science-based target: A preliminary study of an oil and gas major, Presentation to the International Conference on Fossil Fuel Supply and Climate Policy 26-27 September 2016, Queen's College, Oxford, CDP London & Climate Accountability Institute Snowmass Colorado.


Heede, Richard, & Naomi Oreskes (2016)  Potential emissions of CO2 and methane from proved reserves of fossil fuels: An alternative analysis, Global Environmental Change, vol. 36:12-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.10.005.


Supplementary Materials to Heede & Oreskes 2016.


Frumhoff, Peter, Richard Heede, & Naomi Oreskes (2015) The climate responsibilities of industrial carbon producersClimatic Change, vol. 132(2):157-171.


Heede, Richard (2014) Update of Carbon Majors dataset to 2013: Press Release, Lima, Peru, COP-20, 8 December, 2 pp.


Heede, Richard (2014) Climate Responsibilities of Carbon Producers: An update of the Carbon Majors' carbon fuel production & emissions to 2013, UCS & CAI Press Briefing, COP-20, Lima, Peru, 8 December.


Heede, Richard (2014)
Tracing anthropogenic CO2 and methane emissions to fossil fuel and cement producers, 1854-2010, Climatic Change, vol. 122:229-241; doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0986-y


Supplementary Materials to the Climatic Change paper.


Heede, Richard (2013) Carbon Majors: Accounting for carbon and methane emissions 1854-2010 Methods & Results Report, commissioned by Climate Justice Programme (Sydney) & Greenpeace International (Amsterdam), Climate Mitigation Services, Snowmass, CO, 104 pp.


Climate Accountability Institute & Union of Concerned Scientists (2012)
Establishing Accountability for Climate Change Damages: Lessons from Tobacco Control, Martin Johnson House, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA, 14&15 June, 2012. 36 pp.